21 Şubat 2012 Salı

Güvenlik, adalet ve doğal kaynakların korunması

Bertrand Russell, 1948 yılında BBC'nin Reith Konferansları'nda yaptığı “Otorite ve Birey” başlıklı konuşmasının bir bölümümde hükümetin üç temel amacı olması gerektiğini söyler: Güvenlik, adalet, doğal kaynakların korunması:

The primary aims of government, I suggest, should be three:security, justice and conservation.[...] Conservation, like security and justice, demands action by the State. I mean by “conservation” not only the preservation of ancien monuments and beauty-spots, the upkeep of roads and public utilites, and so on. These things are done at present, except in time of war. What I have chiefly in mind is the preservation of the world’s natural resources. This is a matter of enormous importance, to which little atention has been paid. During the past hundred and fifty years mankind has used up the raw materials of industry and the soil upon which agriculture depends, and this wasteful expenditure of natural capital has proceeded with ever-increasing velocity. In relation to industry, the most striking example is oil. The amount of accesible oil in the world is unknown, but certainly not unlimited; already the need for it has reached the point at which there is a risk of its contributing to bringing about a third world war. When oil is no longer available in large quantities, a great deal will have to be changed in our way of life. If we try to substitute atomic energy, that will only result in exhaustion of the available supplies of uranium and thorium. Industry as it exists at present depends essentially upon the expenditure of natural capital, and cannot long continue in its present prodigal fashion. (S: 59-64)

Authority and Individual

Bertrand Russell



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